All the references are at the back of the book – but they are all web-linked, so I thought a page on this site might make it easier for you to find them if you are interested, or if you just bought the audio version of the book.


Science chocolate spoof

UK Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality statistics–deaths-registered-in-england-and-wales–series-dr-/2010/stb-deaths-by-cause-2010.html

Bristol university – The Caerphilly study

Alcohol advice

British Liver Trust – Liver disease statistics

The effects of taking a break from drinking

UK Office for National Statistics (ONS) – Smoking habits–2013/stb-opn-smoking-2013.html

Guardian article – The risks of social smoking

Journal of the American Medical Association – all cause mortality from obesity

Obesity & Life Expectancy – UK National Obesity Observatory

Times article – The obese are in denial about their weight

Health & Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) – Obesity data

Perceptions of obesity in the UK

Kings College London study – The low odds on recovering normal body weight once obese

Canadian Medical Association Journal – study on resting heart rate vs mortality

Health & Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) – Statistics on obesity, physical activity and diet

International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity – study on the difference between self reported and actual levels of physical activity

Bristol University – study of levels of physical inactivity

ISRN Journal paper – health benefits of physical activity

Paper in The Lancet – activity benefits

ONS – Mortality in England & Wales – Average life span

Prof David Speigelhalter paper – why life expectancy data is misleading

Kings Fund paper – life expectancy

Times Article – why we’d rather live a healthy life than a long one

HSCIC – Alcohol statistics

Christopher Snowden blog – “The middle class drink epidemic”

Guardian article – Alcohol consumption in England is underestimated

The Times – Dr Mark Porter article on numbers of heavy/frequent drinkers

German study on excess alcohol-related mortality

US Centre for Disease control (CDC) – study on tobacco related mortality

Australian National University study – tobacco related mortality

NCBI paper – Smoking & Obesity occurence

Sport England – Active People Survey

Harvard Study – how much exercise is enough

Journal article – does physical activity increase life expectancy

Prof David Speigelhalter – what is your effective age

Kings College London – the potential harm reduction from e-cigarettes

NY Times article – The use of e-cigarettes rises sharply amongst teenagers

New England Journal of Medicine – a risk aversion method to quit smoking

The Lancet journal – the benefits of stopping smoking

The benefits of smoking cessation for longevity

Daily Mail article – why it might take seven attempts to stop smoking

Harvard article – whole grains linked to lower mortality risk

Maastricht University – daily nut consumption linked to lower levels of mortality

Guardian article – brisk daily walking reduces ageing and increases life span

The effects of alcohol on nutrition

American Heart Association article – moderate coffee drinking may be linked to reduced levels of heart disease

University College London – article – busting the 21 day habit forming myth

Times article – Matt Ridley – cholesterol is now OK

Times article – fruit snacking is rotten for your teeth

NY Times article – simple rules for healthy eating

American College of Cardiology – How healthy obesity declines over time

Journal of the American Medical Association – a call for the end to diet debates

Guardian article – low-fat diets don’t work, low-carb do

web site for Dr Zoe Harcombe

Duke university – study of low-carb diet vs low-cal diet

collection of 23 studies into low-carb diets

Cell – the beneficial effects of time-restricted feeding

NY Times article – why diet advice that ignores hunger can’t work

Guardian article – Alcohol Moderation Management

Mortality in relation to alcohol consumption – Richard Doll et al study

Richard Snowden blog on misuse of alcohol study results

Prof David Speigelhalter – misleading conclusions from the latest alcohol protection study

Journal of the American Medical Association – meta-study of alcohol and all-cause mortality

ISBRA – Beneficial effects of moderate alcohol consumption

Actual alcohol sales compared to survey data in US states

Christopher Snowden blog – under-reporting and true levels of risk

Tufts university – longer, faster walking associated with later-life health benefits

Harvard university – how much exercise is enough

Norwegian study – Increasing physical activity as important as quitting smoking

British Medical Journal – Socio-economic differences in beliefs about healthy lifestyles

National Obesity Observatory – relationship between obesity and socio-economic status

Click to access vid_16966_AdultSocioeconSep2012.pdf

HSCIC – affluent adult drinking levels

York University – Mortality, lifestyle and socio-economic status

Times article on healthy vs long life

Kings College London – how exercise slows down the ageing process

Brigham & Womens hospital – The factors influencing exceptional longevity in men

Duke University – A potential cause for Alzheimers

Guardian article – keys to a mentally alert old age

NHS UK – diet, exercise and brain training may help keep the mind sharp

Alzheimers Society – how online brain training improves memory

JAMA – the benefits of physical activity in older women

The Lancet article – BMI and the risk of dementia – is type-3 diabetes a cause of alzheimers?

ONS – historic and projected cohort life expectancy data

Techcrunch article – biometric tattoos

Times article – blood test can predict cancer

US research paper – Genomics and prostate cancer

Healthline article – robotic surgery revolution

Guardian article – a paradigm shift in the treatment of lung cancer

Science Daily article – nanotechnology used to regenerate tissues, organs

Guardian article – nanotechnology and stem cell research

Royal Society of Chemistry – a revolution in biomaterials

Guardian article – the elixir of youth

ONS dynamc model – your chances of living to 100